Solving the mystery of high memory usage

Sometimes, my work is easy, the problem could be resolved with one look (when I’m lucky enough to look at where it needs to be looked, just like this one Varchar can be harmful to your performance – Quan Mai’s blog ( ). Sometimes, it is hard. Can’t count number of times that I stared blankly at the screen, and decided I’d better take a nap, roast a batch of coffee, or take a walk (that is lying, however, I don’t walk), because I’m out of idea and this is going nowhere. The life of a software diagnostic engineer is like that, sometimes you are solving the mystery of “what do I need to solve this mystery”. There are usually more dots scattered around in all places, your job is to figure out which dots make senses, which dots do not, and how to connect those that are relevant to solve the problem, and to tell a story.

The story today is about a customer complaining about their scheduled instance on DXP keeps having high memory after running Find indexing job. They have a custom job that was built to optimize performance for their language settings, but the idea is the same – load content, serialize it and send it to the server endpoint for indexing. It is, indeed a memory heavy job, especially when you have a lot of content that needs to be indexed (basically, number of content x number of languages x the complexity of the content). It is normal to have an increase in memory usage during such job – the application (or rather, the runtime, depending on which way you look at it) is doing it job – content needs to be loaded in memory, and if there is available memory it will be a huge waste if it is not used for something useful. And the application will not immediately release that memory, as the content is cached. The memory will only be reclaimed only if the cache expired, or the application has memory pressure (i.e. it asks the operating system for more memory and the OS refuses “there is nothing left”). Even if the cache is expired, the application will not always compact and release the memory back to the OS (LOH etc.)

Now what is problematic is that the customer application retains 25GB of memory for indefinitely. They waited for 24h but the memory usage is still high. The application appears to be fine, it does not crash because of memory issues (like Out of Memory), but it causes confusion s and worries to our customer. Game’s on.

One thing that does not make senses in this case is that even thought they have a custom index job, it is still a scheduled job. And for scheduled jobs, the contents are supposed to have a very short sliding expiration time (default to 1 minute). However, the cache entries in the memory dumps tell a different story. A majority of the cache entries have 12h sliding expiration time. Which does explain – in part at least – why the memory remains high. When you have a longer sliding time, chance is higher that the cache is hit at least once before it expires, which reset the expiration. If you have sufficient hit, the cache will effectively remain in memory forever, until you actively evict it (by editing the content for example)

0000753878028910                        0.77kb          0                           12:00:00                    2/16/2024 5:58:43 AM +00:00    EPPageData:601596:en__CatalogContent
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00007538787AEA98                        0.39kb          0                           00:00:00                    2/16/2024 2:17:38 PM +00:00    EPiAnc:ContentAssetAware1343745__CatalogContent
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00007538787B2E68                        0.77kb          0                           12:00:00                    2/16/2024 2:17:07 PM +00:00    EPPageData:1329808:da__CatalogContent
00007538787B31E8                        0.77kb          0                           12:00:00                    2/16/2024 2:17:07 PM +00:00    EPPageData:1329810:da__CatalogContent

It is not what it should be, however, as the default value for sliding expiration timeout of a content loaded by a scheduled job is 1 minute – i.e. it is considered to be load once and be done item. Was it set to 12h by mistake. Nope

Timeout is set to 600.000.000 ticks which is 60 second, which is the default value.

I have been pulling my hairs over this for quite a while. What if the cache entries were not added by the scheduled job, but by some other way not affected by the limitation of scheduled job? In short, we were deceived by customer’s statement regarding Find indexing job. It was merely a victim of same issue. It was resetting the last access to the cache entry but that’s about it.

Time to dig a bit more. While Windbg is extremely powerful, it does not let you know where is the code that load a specific content into cache (not unless you catch it red handed). So the only way to know is to look around and check if there are any suspicious call the IContentLoader.GetItems or IContentLoader.GetChildren . A colleague of mine worked with the customer to obtain their source code, and another deep dive.

Fortunately for us, the customer has a custom built Find indexer we helped to built in a previous problem, and that was shown in the search for GetItems. It struck me that it could be the culprit. The job itself is … fine, however it was given wrong data so it keeps loading content to index.

If my hypothesis is correct, then these things must be true:

  • The app’s memory usage will raise to 25GB regardless of the indexing job running or not. And it remains there without much fluctuation
  • There are a lot of row in tblFindIndexQueue

It turned out both of those were correct: there were more than 4 millions of rows in tblFindIndexQueue, and this is the memory consumption of the app over 24 hours

One we figured out the source of content loading, the fix was pretty straightforward. One thing we could do from our side is to shorten caching time of content loaded by the event-driven indexer. You should upgrade to Find 16.2.0 which contains the fix for FIND-12436 which is a nice improvement for memory usage.

Moral of story:

  • I’m a workaholic. I definitely should not work on weekends, but sometimes I need to because that’s when my mind is clearest
  • Keep looking. But as always, know when to give up and admit defeat
  • Take breaks. Long, shorts. Refresh your mind and look at different angles.
  • The sliding cache expiration time can be quite unexpected. if a content is already in cache with long sliding expiration, then a cache hit (via ISynchronizedObjectInstanceCache.ReadThrough to get that content with short sliding expiration will not change that value, only refresh the last access time, and vice versa)

Fix your Search & Navigation (Find) indexing job, please

Once upon a time, a colleague asked me to look into a customer database with weird spikes in database log usage. (You might start to wonder why I am always the one who looks into weird things, is there a pattern here)

Upon reviewing the query store, I noticed a very high logical reads related to tblScheduledItem. From past experience, it was likely because of fragmentation of indexes in this table (which has only one clustered). I did a quick look at the table, and confirmed the index indeed has high fragmentation. I suggested to do a rebuild of that index and see what happen. Well, it could have been one of the daily simple quick questions, and I almost forgot about it.

A few days passed, the colleague pinged me again. Apparently they rebuilt it but it does not really help. That raised my eye brows a little bit, so I dug deeper.

To my surprised, the problem was not really fragmentation (it definitely contributed). The problem is that the column has a column of type nvarchar(max) , and it’s for recording the last text from the Execute method of the scheduled job. It was meant for something short like “The job failed successfully”, or “Deleted 12345 versions from 1337 contents”. But because it’s nvarchar(max) it could be very, very long. You can, in theory, store the entire book content of a a few very big libraries in there.

Of course because of you can, does not mean you should. When your column is long, each read from the table will be a burden to SQL Server. And the offending job was nothing less than our S&N indexing job.

In theory, any job could have caused this issue, however it’s much more likely happen with S&N indexing job for a reason – it keeps track of every exception thrown during indexing process, and because it indexes each and every content of your website (except the ones you specifically, explicitly tell it not too), the chance of its running into a recurring issue that affects multiple (reads, a lot) of content is much higher than any built-in job.

I asked, this time, to trim the column, and most importantly, fix any exceptions that might be thrown during the index. I was on my day off when my colleague noticed me that the job is running for 10h without errors, as they fixed it. Curious, so I did check some statistic. Well, let those screenshots speak for themselves:

The query itself went from 16,000ms to a mere 2.27ms. Even better, each call to get the list of scheduled job before results in 3.5GB logical reads. Now? 100KB. A lot of resource saved!

So, make sure your job is not throwing a lot of errors. And fix your S&N indexing job.

P/S: I do think S&N indexing job should have simpler return result. Maybe “Indexed 100.000 content with 1234 errors”, and the exceptions could have been logged. But that’s debatable. For now, you can do your parts!

The tale of three puck screens

Puck screen is the common recommended tool to people starting their espresso journey. It is said to improve water distribution at to the puck, which promotes even extraction which means better tasting espresso. My my best of effort, I can’t detect any change in flavor with or without the puck screen. The benefit of using puck screen – is to keep your group head clean. When you stop the pump, some of the coffee ground will be suck up to the


Thickness: 1.7mm

This is a mesh puck screen, which means it has several levels pressed together with a laser etching. It is the thickest and also the heaviest (but not by much). It used to cost around 250kr on but it is now 185kr.

Pros: It is probably the one that works best.

Cons: it feels bulky. It probably works the best but it is also the hardest to clean. I had to soak it in puly caff from time to time to clean it even after putting it in disk washing machine. There could be concern that it will cold the water down more than it should, but given its thermal mass compared to the group head it should be very negligible.


Thickness: 0.8mm

It is a hybrid puck screen, with a plate with bigger holes and a net with smaller holes. Price is around 140kr on Aliexpress but I bought 5 for 330kr.

Pros: Of all three, this one is the best looking, not as bulky as the normcore but not as slimy as the Temu one. It also seems to work great – on par with Normcore, while much easier to clean.

Cons: it’s asymmetric so if you put it in the puck up side down, it is not as beautiful.

No name Temu puck screen

I had I hope for this but it turn out to be quite a disappointment. It is by far the cheapest, for around 2 pieces/35kr. It is simply a very thin metal place with holes

Pros: It is the thinnest (0.2mm), and also the lightest (2.7gr), so virtually no impact on thermality. It is also the easiest to clean.

Cons: it is too thin it is easy to bend, harder to hold as well. When you store 2 or more of them, they are easy stuck together. Performs the worst as the holes are big enough for grounds to get through.

All in all, my favorite is the 3MHW-Bomber. It has the best craftmanship, it has a nice balanced between size and function. After some trials I decided to put away my Normcore and Temu, and use it exclusively.

This blog is now ads-free

As with most things in life, if it is not illegal, or immoral, or not prohibitively expensive, I want to try it. Life is so short that we need to experience more. When we still can.

Adverting is one of them. You probably noticed that my blog has plenty of ads (in some cases, a lot). I wanted to see two things

  • How Google ads works
  • If I can make money out of it

The answer to the second question is yes, I can. Just … not a lot. In the last few years I have been making less than 1 SEK per day from ads revenue. Just barely enough to cover the cost for the domain name renewal. I’m lucky enough that my employer is sponsoring the hosting cost, so ads is not making me rich. Not fast enough at least. I’ll likely not live to the day I can buy myself a serious roaster from ads revenue. (And if you want to sponsor me, this is the roaster I want to buy )

And ads can be annoying and sometimes, intrusive, I decided to turn off ads from this blog. I will add a button so you can donate/sponsor me some money if you think the blog is helpful to you (or you just want to be nice and toss a coin to your witcher, I meant, blogger)

I promise I will use those money on weed, I meant, green coffee beans. I started coffee roasting recently, and stay true to my philosophy, I want to test as many coffee as I can. Some are reasonable priced, some are pretty expensive.

In any cases, thank you for visiting my blog. I hope it is helpful to you, and I wish you a wonderful day!

Varchar can be harmful to your performance

As string is the most common data type in an application, nvarchar and its variant varchar are probably the most common column types in your database. (We almost always use nvarchar because nchar is meant for fixed length columns which we don’t have). The difference is that nvarchar has encoding of UTF-16/USC-2 while varchar has UTF-8

Starting with SQL Server 2012 (11.x), when a Supplementary Character (SC) enabled collation is used, these data types store the full range of Unicode character data and use the UTF-16 character encoding. If a non-SC collation is specified, then these data types store only the subset of character data supported by the UCS-2 character encoding.

But varchar can be harmful in a way that you don’t expect it to. Let’s assume we have this simple table with two columns (forgive naming, I can’t come up with better names)

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Demo](
	[varcharColumn] [varchar](50) NULL,
	[nvarcharColumn] [nvarchar](50) NULL

Each will be inserted with same random values, almost unique. We will add a non clustered index on each of these columns, and as we know, the index should be very efficient on querying based on those values.

Let’s try with out varchar column first. It should work pretty well right. Nope!

  FROM dbo.[Demo]
  where varcharColumn = N'0002T9'

Instead of a highly efficient Index seek, it does an Index scan on the entire table. This is of course not what you want to.

But, why? Good question. You might have noticed that I used N’0002T9′ which is a nvarchar type – which is what .NET would pass to your query if your parameter is of type string. If you look closer to the execution plan, you’ll see that SQL Server has to do a CONVERT_IMPLICIT on each row of this column, effectively invalidates the index.

If we pass ‘0002T9’ without the notion though, it works as it should, this can cause the confusion as it works during development, but once deployed it is much slower

To see the difference we can run the queries side by side. Note that this is for a very simple table with 130k rows. If you have a few millions or more rows, the difference will be even bigger.

(1 row affected)
Table 'Demo'. Scan count 1, logical reads 4, physical reads 0, page server reads 0, read-ahead reads 0, page server read-ahead reads 0, lob logical reads 0, lob physical reads 0, lob page server reads 0, lob read-ahead reads 0, lob page server read-ahead reads 0.

(1 row affected)
Table 'Demo'. Scan count 1, logical reads 422, physical reads 0, page server reads 0, read-ahead reads 14, page server read-ahead reads 0, lob logical reads 0, lob physical reads 0, lob page server reads 0, lob read-ahead reads 0, lob page server read-ahead reads 0.

What’s about the vice versa? If we have data as nvarchar(100) but the parameter is passed as varchar ? SQL Server can handle it with ease. It simply converts the parameters to nvarchar and does an index seek, as it should

So moral of the story? Unless you have strong reasons to use varchar (or char ), stick with nvarchar (or nchar ) to avoid complications with data type conversion which can, and will hurt your database performance.

Don’t let the execution plan fools you

Don’t get me wrong, execution plan is one of the best tools at your disposal if you want to optimize a SQL query. No, it is the must have tool. It is not the only tool you will need, but if you have to pick only one, pick it.

But it is important to know that execution plan can be misleading. It is very useful to see where is the bottleneck is within a statement. It is not exactly useful when you need to compare two statements.

Let’s compare these two queries that I am working to optimize

SELECT	OG.OrderGroupId
		FROM	OrderGroup OG
		INNER JOIN	OrderGroup_PurchaseOrder PO ON OG.OrderGroupId = PO.ObjectId WHERE 1 = 1  AND OG.Status IN(SELECT Item FROM ecf_splitlist('Cancelled')) ORDER BY OG.OrderGroupId DESC
        OFFSET 0  ROWS 


SELECT	OG.OrderGroupId
		FROM	OrderGroup OG
		INNER JOIN	OrderGroup_PurchaseOrder PO ON OG.OrderGroupId = PO.ObjectId  WHERE 1 = 1  AND OG.Status IN('Cancelled') ORDER BY OG.OrderGroupId DESC
        OFFSET 0  ROWS 

These are 99% similar, except for the statement OG.Status IN ..., with and without calling the split function.

If you look at the execution plan only, it seems the former is much faster than the latter. It takes only 14% of the time, while the latter takes 86%, so if based on those figures only, we might think the first one is ~6 times faster than the second one.

Except it is not. If we turn on the IO statistics, it is a very different story

The first query has significantly more IO operations than the second

(50 rows affected)
Table 'OrderGroup_PurchaseOrder'. Scan count 0, logical reads 162, physical reads 0, page server reads 0, read-ahead reads 0, page server read-ahead reads 0, lob logical reads 0, lob physical reads 0, lob page server reads 0, lob read-ahead reads 0, lob page server read-ahead reads 0.
Table '#BA76F977'. Scan count 1, logical reads 8386, physical reads 0, page server reads 0, read-ahead reads 0, page server read-ahead reads 0, lob logical reads 0, lob physical reads 0, lob page server reads 0, lob read-ahead reads 0, lob page server read-ahead reads 0.
Table 'OrderGroup'. Scan count 1, logical reads 356, physical reads 0, page server reads 0, read-ahead reads 0, page server read-ahead reads 0, lob logical reads 0, lob physical reads 0, lob page server reads 0, lob read-ahead reads 0, lob page server read-ahead reads 0.


(50 rows affected)
Table 'OrderGroup'. Scan count 1, logical reads 356, physical reads 0, page server reads 0, read-ahead reads 0, page server read-ahead reads 0, lob logical reads 0, lob physical reads 0, lob page server reads 0, lob read-ahead reads 0, lob page server read-ahead reads 0.
Table 'OrderGroup_PurchaseOrder'. Scan count 1, logical reads 143, physical reads 0, page server reads 0, read-ahead reads 0, page server read-ahead reads 0, lob logical reads 0, lob physical reads 0, lob page server reads 0, lob read-ahead reads 0, lob page server read-ahead reads 0.

The first has slightly more logical reads on OrderGroup and OrderGroup_PurchaseOrder, but significantly more in a temp table (which is, inside the ecf_splitlist function).

The moral of the story? Execution plan is helpful, but not to compare query to query. In most cases, IO statistics are much more useful.

Migrate Catalog content properties

A colleague asked me yesterday – how do we migrate properties of catalog content. There is, unfortunately, no official way to do it. There are several unofficial ways to do it, however. Today we will explore the way I personally recommend – for its safety and backward compatible.

Let’s say we have FashionProduct with a MSRP property with type of Money, now we would want to change it to Decimal . There are a some hacky ways to do this, but all of them require direct database manipulation which we should try to avoid – if possible.

First we will need this piece of code. it was “stolen” from a colleague of mine and has been used for countless times. You probably want to bookmark it as it’ll likely be useful in the future (I should probably do so myself as I have to find it every time I need). It is a snippet to traverse the catalog structure based on the content type you’d want.

public virtual IEnumerable<T> GetEntriesRecursive<T>(ContentReference parentLink, CultureInfo defaultCulture) where T : EntryContentBase
        foreach (var nodeContent in LoadChildrenBatched<NodeContent>(parentLink, defaultCulture))
            foreach (var entry in GetEntriesRecursive<T>(nodeContent.ContentLink, defaultCulture))
                yield return entry;

        foreach (var entry in LoadChildrenBatched<T>(parentLink, defaultCulture))
            yield return entry;

    private IEnumerable<T> LoadChildrenBatched<T>(ContentReference parentLink, CultureInfo defaultCulture) where T : IContent
        var start = 0;

        while (true)
            var batch = _contentLoader.GetChildren<T>(parentLink, defaultCulture, start, 50);
            if (!batch.Any())
                yield break;

            foreach (var content in batch)
                // Don't include linked products to avoid including them multiple times when traversing the catalog
                if (!parentLink.CompareToIgnoreWorkID(content.ParentLink))

                yield return content;
            start += 50;

To make sure we don’t load to many content at once, the batch is set size 50 but that is of course configurable (up to you)!

Now the fun part, where it actually does the work. Once we have the content, we will need to actually migrate the data, it is can be simple as this

private void MigrateProperty<T>(IEnumerable<T> contents) where T: EntryContentBase
      var batch = new List<T>();
      foreach(var content in contents)
           var writeableClone = content.CreateWriteableClone<T>();
      _contentRepository.Publish(batch, PublishAction.SyncDraft);

With the Transform method you can do whatever you want with the property value. As you might just want to rename it – it can do nothing except assign value to the new property. Or in the case we mentioned at the beginning, convert Money to Decimal is an easy task (Money is the less precision version of Decimal). Note that if you convert between data types, for example from double to int , there are potential data loss, but you are probably aware of that already.

The final step is to publish the change. For performance reasons, it is probably the best that you the Publish extension method of IContentRepository and save multiple content in one batch – may of of size 50 or 100. Those will skip things like creating new versions for optimal performance. You can read it about here New simple batch saving API for Commerce | Optimizely Developer C

The remaining question is where to put it. In a perfect world, I’d say in a migration step (i.e. a class that implement IMigrationStep ), so you ensure that your data will be properly migrated before anything else run, for example your new code that access the new property, or indexing of your content after migration. But if you have a sizeable catalog, this will take time and it might not be a good idea to let your users wait for it to complete. For that, it makes senses to do this in a schedule job and when it completes, you make a switch.

Migrating properties is not an easy or quick task, but it can be done with relative ease. It also reminds us about modeling – try to get it right from beginning so we don’t have to migrate. In the end, the fastest code is the code that does not need to be run!

Switching away from serializable cart mode

If you are using Optimizely Customized Commerce, the common wisdom is that you should be using serializable cart mode. It’s not perfect (we discussed the drawbacks in, um, my book), but generally it has performance benefits. But for any reason that you need to use the legacy cart mode, there is a switch you can use – IFeatureSwitch which can be used to change between those modes

It is important to remember that IFeatureSwitch only switch between to modes, it does not migrate any carts between those two. there is a one time cart migration job but that’s it.

To change the cart mode, it is simply as this


However, there is a catch here.

To let IOrderRepository use the correct cart system, there is an ICartProvider which will be either CartProvider or SerializableCartProvider . The problem is that happens much earlier in the pipeline than IInitializationModule. In fact it is determined in IConfigurableModule.ConfigureContainer , which means before any IInitializationModule.Initialize. Even if we call DisableFeatures in another ConfigureContainer, there is no warranty that our code will be called before the framework code (the order of ConfigureContainer execution is indeterministic )

But fortunately, we can do that inside Startup.Configure. Due to how the feature switch data structure, it’s not as simple as adding a setting in appsettings.json, but it can be done easily in code:

            services.Configure<ApplicationOptions>(x =>
                x.Features[SerializedCarts.FeatureSerializedCarts] = new ApplicationFeature
                    Feature = "SerializedCarts",
                    State = FeatureState.Disabled,
                    Type = "Mediachase.Commerce.Core.Features.SerializedCarts, Mediachase.Commerce"

Of course, this is a workaround. The feature switch should be done as documented. It will be fixed in the future.

Command timeout for Commerce 14

While we always want to have fast database queries, it is not doable all the time. Sometimes we need to run slow queries, and we need to tell the underlying framework that this query can take some time to complete, and we’re fine with it. Otherwise, it will try to terminate the query after 30 seconds (the default time out limit)

There is a different between connection timeout and command timeout. Connection timeout is the time .NET will try to connect to the database before giving up. Command timeout is the time .NET will try to execute a command before giving up.

With Commerce 13, we have a setting added in 9.23.1, as we talked here Episerver Commerce commandTimeout configuration – Quan Mai’s blog ( , however, in Commerce 14, it’s … different.

Things are a bit complicated when it comes to command timeout with .NET 5 and up. With later versions of Microsoft.Data.SqlClient, it is possible to set command timeout directly using connection string. It is indeed a simple way to do it, but with a caveat.

The new setting is not recognized by Entity Framework/Entity Framework Core, and it will throw exception if you try to access a connection string with command timeout setting. It has another way to set the command timeout itself by each DbContext , but it does not accept the setting via Connection string. It will throw “Keyword not supported: ‘command timeout'” if such setting is present.

The workaround is to configure the command timeout for EcfSqlConnection connection string, and another different connection string without command timeout just for Entity Framework.

However, that’s with a caveat: using command timeout in connection string means that value applies to all database queries. As we discussed in the previous post above, doing so is not without drawbacks – it hides slow queries rather than let it fails. A failed query might not bring down your website, but an overloaded database will likely do.

In Commerce 14.15.6 which should be released shortly, we introduce a new setting SqlDataProviderOptions.CommandTimeout which let you set the command timeout for queries that are using SqlDataProvider – most notably the MetaDataPlus system like orders.

The important advantage of the new setting is that you can set it on the fly. If you know that some operation will be slow, you can set the command timeout to a higher value just for that operation, then set it back to default value. In most cases, you can leave it to default value (30 seconds), and do optimization on application level (reduce batch size for example) or database layer (rewrite the query, adding/optimizing indexes etc.). But sometimes you know the query would be slow and you acknowledge that – this is the tool.

Green coffee bean suppliers in EU

Why the criteria

FOB Price: one of the important aspect of specialty coffee is fair trade – farmers produce high quality coffee, and they should get fair price for what they harvest. FOB Price is basically what the importer (in many cases, the supplier themselves) pays for the coffee. It’s a great deal of transparency. And while it’s not required, I would be happy to know what the farmers are getting.

Cupping score: Coffee that is rated as specialty has to at least 80 cupping score by SCA (it’s not the only criteria, but an important one). If you are paying 200/20 EUR or more per kg for green coffee beans, you should know what you get. While a higher cupping score is not necessarily more expensive, it depends a lot on the supply-demand balance, but I’d be happier to pay more money for higher cupping score.

Year of harvest: Green coffee beans have much longer shelf life than roasted coffee ones. While for roasted, you should finish your bag within 2 months (and some purists might say just 1 month), green beans can be keep for 12 months in proper storage conditions, if not more. But they do not last forever, the fresher the beans = the better, which is why it’s important for the supplier to disclose the year of harvest (or even, month of harvest)

Suppliers in Sweden

I started with Whileelkcoffee and Rawcoffee. Too early to tell about the bean’s quality, but I must say I really like Whiteelkcoffee’s packaging. They are a branch/subsidiary of Kafferosteriet Koppar AB, which has some great coffees.

It is told that almost any roasters will sell your raw coffee if you ask nicely, so you probably ask your favorite roaster if they have green beans to sell. The commonly accepted “rule” is green coffee is 1/2 price of roasted ones, so you might offer that to the roasters.

I would recommend to buy from suppliers that focus on coffee beans – they usually know more about their stuffs – than the suppliers that sell general groceries. But you can always try your luck, maybe there is a hidden gem somewhere.

SiteUrlFree shipping thresholdBag sizeFOB priceCupping ScoreYear of HarvestNote
White elk coffeeButik: Råkaffe – White Elk Coffee350kr1, 10kgNoNoNo10% for order over 1000kr
Raw coffeeKaffebönor – RawCoffee350kr1kgNoYesYes10% coupon code for next order
Drop coffeeBuy Coffee – scroll down to buy your coffee – Drop Coffee300kr1kgYesNot specific, 86+YesSelect unroasted coffee from drop downlist
Muttley & Jack’sUrsprungskaffe – Muttley & Jack’s ( free shipping, 69kr regardless of order value1kgNoYesNo
BaristashoppenRÅKAFFE – ROSTA SJÄLV – Baristashopen350kr250gr, 1kgNoNoNo
MoccazinoHuvudkategori 3 ( free shipping, min 229kr, shipping cost increased with weight0,75kgNoNoYes
Humle gårdenGreen coffee for those who roast their own coffee – Humlegårdens EkolagerNo free shipping, 99kr shipping, increased with weight500grNoNoYesReduced price for 10 bags

Suppliers outside Sweden

Of course I would prefer buying from Sweden for obvious reasons. But I can’t resist the urge to try some exotic beans, so I have been looking around to see where I can source my green beans from EU.

This is inspired by EU Green Coffee Sources List 2023 (, but with more information you can find in one place. Sadly many of them are are not shipping to Sweden, but you probably can arrange some shipping if you ask nicely.

SiteUrlCountryShip to SwedenShipping costFOB priceCupping scoreBag sizesYear of harvest
fleurdecafeUnroasted coffee beans – Green coffee beans | Fleur de café (
groenekoffiewinkelUnroasted Coffee Beans | Up To 15% Discount At Green Coffee Shop (
fascino-coffeeGreen Coffee Beans | Coffee roasting company Fascino (
godincoffeeUnroasted coffee beans – Green coffee beans | Fleur de café (
roastrebelsBuy green coffee in small quantities (1kg / 5kg / 15kg) | Roast RebelsGermany/SwizerlandYes9.9EUR, free if order value is 120EUR or moreNoNo1, 5, 15kgYes
rohebohnenGreen Coffee | Rohebohnen.deGermanyYes13.9EURNoNo500gr, 1kgNo
hoofdkwartierUnroasted Coffee Beans Archives – Headquarters Coffee Roasting (
ShokuninGreen coffee – ShokuninNetherlandsYes22 EUR, free if order value is 200 EUR or moreNoNo
RoestartRohkaffee ( EURNoNo500gr, 1kgNo
goodkarmacoffeeRohkaffee – Good Karma CoffeeGermanyNo
docklandsRohkaffee kaufen und selber rösten (,5 and 10kgYes
rjavitukanSurova kava Archives – Rjavi tukanSlovakiaYes21.9EURNoNo1,3,5, and 10kgNo
koffiebranderijdekoepoortGROENE ONGEBRANDE KOFFIEBONEN – Koffiebranderij de KoepoortNetherlandsYesFlat rate 24.5 EURNoNo1kgNo
Falcon-microShop Europe – Falcon Micro ( (EU warehouse)Yes246kr for minimum 5kg, increased with weightNoYes5 and 10kgNo
88 grainsShop | 88 GrainesFranceYes6.9EUR minimum, increased with weight, free for 300 EUR+NoYes1kgYes (Month/year)
kaffeboxKaffeabonnement med Skandinavias topp mikrobrennerier – KaffeBox.noNorwayYesMinimum 62.5NOK, increased with weightNoNo250grNo
risterietGrønne/Rå kaffebønner – WebshopDenmarkYesNo, 350DKKNoNo1kg, 5kgNo